Scaling is the removal of calculus, plaque, tooth deposits and some stains. It can be done either above the gum (supra-gingival) or below the gum (sub-gingival).
Root planing is a more radical treatment. It involves the removal of dead (necrotic) substance from the surface of the tooth under the gum. Otherwise it is similar to scaling.
Initially, the patient will have to be examined by a dentist. The treatment given will vary depending on the severity of the periodontal disease. In its least severe form, the patient may only need some oral hygiene instruction. If plaque and calculus is found above the gum scaling may be necessary. In more severe forms where plaque and calculus is found under the gum, scaling below the gum margin and root planing may be required.
Either a dentist or a hygienist can carry out the scaling and root planing. The more complex cases will be carried out by a specialist.
Scaling and root planing are done using special scaling instruments or ultrasonic devices. Hand instruments are made in various designs appropriate for reaching and removing plaque and calculus from all areas of teeth. The use of hand instrument can be tedious and time consuming.
Ultrasonic devices fracture deposits off the tooth surface. They also use water to help clear blood, debris, necrotic tissue and calculus. They are quicker to use and less tiring for the operator. However, some patients find them uncomfortable.
Depending on the amount of pre-existing plaque and calculus, scaling above the gum can take 15 to 30 minutes. Longer visits are necessary if it is a first visit and the patient has a lot of plaque and calculus. However, once the initial therapy has been done and so long as good oral hygiene practices are carried out at home, subsequent maintenance visits can be as little as 15 minutes.
The Dental Studio
236 Bergholt Road, Colchester
Call us today: 01206 845891
|Monday||8.30 am - 8.00 pm|
|Tuesday||8.30 am to 4.30 pm|
|Wednesday||8.30 am to 5.00 pm|
|Thursday||8.30 am to 7.30 pm|
|Friday||8.30 am to 1.00 pm|
|Saturday||By Appointment Only|